|Our vulnerable children having their peer session|
peers (FMWA&SD 2008).
An orphan is a vulnerable child because he or she has lost one or both parents to death, either as a result of health challenge, accident, insurgency or others. A disable child is vulnerable, also children living in a household where one or more people are ill, dying or deceased, or which fosters orphans, and children whose care givers are too ill or old to continue to care for them are vulnerable. They often have more health and social needs than their peers.
According to the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) an OVC is “a child, 0-17 years old, who is either orphaned or made more vulnerable because of HIV/AIDS.” PEPFAR recognizes that a vulnerable child is one who is living in circumstances with high risks and whose prospects for continued growth and development are seriously impaired, and the term OVC may refer to all vulnerable children, regardless of the cause. According to PEPFAR, a child is more vulnerable because of any or all of the following factors that result from HIV/AIDS: Is HIV-positive; lives without adequate adult support; lives outside of family care; or is marginalized, stigmatized, or discriminated against.
According to 2008 situation analysis,
- There 17.5 million OVC, including 7.3 million orphans
- 2.39 million orphans are due to AIDS (FMOH, 2008)
- 10.7% of the 69 million children are vulnerable (UNICEF, 2007)
- 10% of children are orphaned (7% in North-west to 17%in South-East),
- 10% in rural, 11% in urban